Section 1. What Is the Disease of Obesity?

AACE/ACE Comprehensive Clinical Practice Guidelines for Medical Care of Patients with Obesity Recommendations

Section 2. Why Do We Treat Obesity?

Obesity prevalence has risen steadily for several decades, and the disease, its complications, and comorbidities place a huge burden on patients and society. Obesity is estimated to add $3,559 annually (adjusted to 2012 dollars) to per-patient medical expenditures as compared to patients who do not have obesity; this includes $1,372 each year for inpatient services, $1,057 for outpatient services, and $1,130 for prescription drugs.

Section 3. How Do We Treat Obesity?

The primary therapeutic goal of obesity management is improvement in adiposity-related complications, not a preset decline in body weight. Lifestyle intervention is a vital component of all weight loss regimens; the choice of whether to implement lifestyle therapy alone or combine it with weight-loss medications or bariatric surgery will depend on the severity of each individual patient’s obesity and related complications.1